A week before Christmas, consultants for Arkansas’ Tax Reform and Relief Legislative Task Force released an interim report analyzing the state’s tax structures.
The report is some 180 pages long, and touches on everything from motor fuel taxes to K-12 education funding.
The report does not make any final recommendations about tax policies, but it does contain a few elements we find troubling.
#1. The Report Hints at Cutting Charitable Tax Exemptions
Under Arkansas law, sales to nonprofit hospitals, sanitariums, and nursing homes are exempt from state sales tax.
The report says exemptions like this one “significantly erode the state and local tax base.” In other words, the state’s consultants seem to think Arkansas might have a lot more tax revenue to work with if it started taxing sales to these charities.
The report refers to this exemption as a “prime candidate for review” by the Arkansas Legislature. It also highlights sales tax exemptions on churches and other nonprofits.
Charities and churches contribute at least $378 billion to the U.S. economy each year — and possibly much more than that, according to some estimates.
Many charities operate on budgets that are so tight they likely would have to shut their doors if they were taxed at the same rate as for-profit corporations. However, this report by the state’s consultants could lead some to conclude the State of Arkansas would somehow be better off if it taxed charitable organizations. That’s a dangerous conclusion.
#2. The Report Hints That Gambling Might Be a Good Source of Tax Revenue
The report notes that many states are turning to legalized sports betting as a source of tax revenue, and says,
While most excise taxes have shown little growth in recent years, the revenue from electronic games of skill [the casino games operated in Hot Springs and West Memphis] is a notable exception. Revenue generated by the tax shows a strong upward trend in recent years. Since 2012, revenues have more than doubled.
This hints that Arkansas might somehow reap more tax revenue if it legalized more gambling. However, no state has gambled and taxed its way to economic prosperity.
The Arkansas Lottery pulls hundreds of millions of dollars out of the state and local economy each year; casinos and other forms of gambling do the very same thing. As we noted a few years ago, poverty levels are above average in parts of Mississippi, Arkansas, and Oklahoma that have casinos.
What’s more, many experts will tell you the social and economic cost of gambling dwarfs any tax revenue the state might glean. The bottom line: Arkansas won’t improve its economy or its state budget by legalizing more gambling.
This report is not the final word on Arkansas’ tax policies. However, it could lead some to believe Arkansas might benefit by taxing charities and legalizing more gambling. Arkansans should think twice before venturing down that road.
The Trump Administration recently ended funding for the Office of Adolescent Health’s Teen Pregnancy Prevention Program.
The program began in 2010 as a way to provide federal grant money for evidence-based programs designed to prevent teen pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases. Under the program, organizations–including Planned Parenthood–were able to apply for federal funds to facilitate these teen pregnancy prevention programs.
While a few of the programs promoted abstinence, evidence-based pregnancy prevention programs often focus on contraceptives, and they have generally proven to be ineffective at best.
For example, Planned Parenthood of the Great Northwest received $4 million in grant money to conduct a teen pregnancy prevention program. An official evaluation concluded,
After offering the program over nine months to middle and high school students during or after school, [youth who went through the program] were as likely as youth offered a four-hour alternative program, to report causing a pregnancy or becoming pregnant, having sexual intercourse, or having recent sexual intercourse without an effective method of birth control both immediately following the conclusion of the program, as well as in an assessment occurring 12 months later. . . . Immediately after the program, . . . females reported becoming pregnant at a higher rate than females receiving the alternative program.
In other words, not only was Planned Parenthood’s multi-million-dollar program ineffective; in some cases students who went through the program actually had higher pregnancy rates than students who did not.
Official reports show similar results elsewhere around the country. Last fall, researchers evaluating the different Teen Pregnancy Prevention programs determined most showed ineffective or inconclusive results, writing,
Many of the TPP evaluations saw positive impacts on measures such as knowledge and attitudes; however, these findings did not translate into positive behavioral changes.
We need to address teen pregnancy in America, but handing out federal tax dollars to groups like Planned Parenthood simply is not the way to do it.
This week I ordered a $130 item on Amazon. When my order was tallied, an extra $11 was added for Arkansas sales tax.
Thanks to legislative talk about collecting sales taxes on all Internet purchases, Amazon decided to start collecting it on their own. Considering the fact that almost every member of the Arkansas Legislature promised no tax increases when they ran for office, aren’t you bothered that they instigated the collection of these taxes?
I’m sure some sly person will remind me that I’m supposed to pay that tax on my own anyway and that it’s not really a tax increase. I might argue that a law few people know about, that’s never been enforced, and that suddenly takes effect feels a lot like a new law–and this one’s impact on the pocket book is the same as a tax increase.
I understand the need not to put local brick-and-mortar businesses at a disadvantage, but our lawmakers could have helped them out by decreasing the tax burden on those businesses rather than taking actions that burden good working people once again.