The ACLU, Planned Parenthood, and the Center for Reproductive Rights have challenged five good, pro-life laws the Arkansas Legislature recently passed and Governor Hutchinson signed into law. Now it appears our pro-life Attorney General will be very busy defending these laws in court. Below is Family Council’s response to the arguments these lawsuits raise.
Act 45 Prohibiting Some Dismemberment Abortion Procedures
Act 45 prohibits certain abortion procedures—such as D&E abortion procedures—in which an unborn baby is dismembered. It does not affect other common abortion procedures—such as chemical abortion or suction abortion procedures. Act 45 contains an exception for dismemberment abortions performed to prevent a serious health risk to the woman.
The ACLU’s Argument: In its complaint, attorneys with the ACLU describe various abortion procedures besides the D&E procedure, but conclude that Act 45 effectively “imposes a criminal ban, and significant penalties, on second-trimester abortion practice.”
Family Council’s Response: The lawsuit identifies several other abortion procedures besides the D&E procedure, but tries to argue these procedures are either unsafe or difficult to perform. For example, the lawsuit argues that at least one method abortion doctors could use besides the D&E procedure “requires years of specialized training and hospital-grade equipment.” However, abortion proponents routinely argue that every abortion doctor undergoes specialized training before performing abortions and uses proper medical equipment to do so.
Is this lawsuit actually implying that abortion doctors who perform dismemberment abortions are not specially trained to do so or are not using hospital-grade equipment? If that’s true, isn’t that all the more reason to prohibit dismemberment abortion procedures?
Act 733 Prohibiting Sex-Selection Abortion and Requiring a Doctor to Request the Woman’s Medical Records
Act 733 prohibits abortions performed due to the baby’s sex. It contains a provision requiring the doctor to request the pregnant woman’s medical records pertaining to her pregnancy history before performing the abortion.
The ACLU’s Argument: The lawsuit actually argues that “there is no medical reason to obtain these records prior to providing an abortion.”
Family Council’s Response: This argument is almost unbelievable. Medical history and medical records are something practically every doctor wants when seeing a new patient. Act 733 simply requires the doctor to request the woman’s medical records related to her pregnancy history before performing an abortion; it does not even require the doctor obtain the records—simply request them.
Many Arkansans likely assume that abortion doctors already request a woman’s full medical records before performing an abortion, but this lawsuit indicates that is rarely the case. Courts have ruled time and again that abortion can be regulated to protect the life and safety of the pregnant woman. Even abortion proponents acknowledge that abortion—especially surgical abortion—is a major procedure that carries a number of risks and consequences. It is entirely reasonable to require a doctor to request at least some of a woman’s medical records before performing an abortion. That’s what Act 733 does.
Act 1018 Requiring Reporting of Abortions Performed on Young Girls
In 2015 the Arkansas Legislature passed a law requiring doctors to report abortions performed on girls under the age of 14 to local police authorities and send fetal tissue samples to the State Crime Lab. The law is designed to help catch perpetrators of rape, incest, and human trafficking. Act 1018 of 2017 expanded that law to require reporting of abortions performed on girls under the age of 17.
The ACLU’s Argument: The lawsuit argues that “a 14-, 15-, or 16-year-old patient’s prior sexual intercourse does not indicate that she is a victim of Child Maltreatment, for example, if it occurred with her husband (16-year-olds may marry with parental consent) or with a similar age partner,” and it goes on to claim most girls under 17 who obtain an abortion are “typically young women who have engaged in consensual intercourse with a boyfriend who is close in age.”
Family Council’s Response: How can a doctor or nurse at an abortion clinic possibly know that a teenage girl was impregnated by her boyfriend and not by someone else? The lawsuit acknowledges elsewhere that women and girls who seek an abortion often have had no prior contact with the abortion provider and that the doctor does not request medical records before performing the abortion. If local police already have reason to believe the girl may be the victim of a crime, the reports filed under Act 1018 can confirm those suspicions or give authorities useful evidence.
Act 1018 does not prevent a girl from having an abortion; it simply requires abortion doctors to report abortion procedures performed on young girls—just in case the girl is the victim of a crime.
Act 603 Addressing the Buying and Selling of Organs Harvested from Aborted Babies
Act 603 amends a law passed in 2015 requiring aborted fetal remains to be disposed of in a respectful and proper manner. It prohibits biomedical and behavioral research on aborted fetal remains, and it requires aborted fetal remains to be disposed of according to the Arkansas Final Disposition Rights Act of 2009; the Final Disposition Rights Act already governs the burial or cremation of “a dead body or fetus.” Act 603 helps ensure aborted babies will be properly disposed of as human remains.
The ACLU’s Argument: This lawsuit essentially argues that Act 603 violates a woman’s right to privacy, is too burdensome, and requires “that [tissue from an abortion or miscarriage] be disposed of as if it were a deceased family member.”
Family Council’s Response: The Arkansas Final Disposition Rights Act of 2009 very thoroughly describes how human remains may be disposed of in Arkansas. It clearly defines human remains as “a dead body or fetus.” Arguably, this means that fetal remains—such as those from a miscarriage—should be disposed of according to the Final Disposition Rights Act of 2009. Act 603 simply clarifies that the same rules apply to aborted fetal remains as well.
Act 383 Regulating Abortion Clinic Licensing and Inspection
Act 383 clarifies that abortion clinics will be inspected at least annually; that the inspections will be unannounced; and that any clinic that fails inspection will have its license to perform abortions suspended immediately.
The ACLU’s Argument: The lawsuit argues Act 383 is too broad and makes it possible for an abortion clinic to be closed for any infraction—including an infraction that is not related to healthcare. It also goes to great lengths to argue that if Arkansas’ last three abortion clinics close, there will be no abortion clinics left in Arkansas.
Family Council’s Response: Despite some of the arguments made in this lawsuit, the State of Arkansas is not obligated to ensure there are abortion clinics open for business in the state. It is, however, obligated to protect the public health and safety of Arkansans. That’s the purpose of Act 383. This law simply ensures abortion clinics are inspected; those that fail inspection will not be able to continue performing abortions.
Arguably, a clinic that failed inspection might still be able to provide other healthcare services—such as pregnancy testing or screenings for STDs. Act 383 simply requires the state to suspend a clinic’s license to perform abortions if the clinic fails inspection. It will be up to the Health Department to determine what constitutes failure of inspection according to Arkansas law and department rules and regulations.
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
Tuesday, June 20, 2017
On Tuesday the ACLU and Planned Parenthood filed legal challenges against five pro-life laws recently passed by the Arkansas Legislature.
Family Council President Jerry Cox released a statement, saying, “These lawsuits are almost unbelievable. The ACLU is challenging laws designed to do things like help protect underage girls and ensure doctors know a woman’s medical history before performing an abortion. Planned Parenthood is challenging laws that hold abortion clinics to reasonable health and safety standards. The fact the ACLU and Planned Parenthood would challenge laws like these shows they are severely out of touch with the rest of Arkansas.”
Cox noted that some of these laws passed the Arkansas Legislature with virtually no controversy. “Most of these are commonsense pieces of legislation that protect the health and safety of women. Act 733 requires the doctor to request the medical records of the pregnant woman before performing an abortion on her. I think most Arkansans would be shocked to think a doctor might perform an abortion without knowing the woman’s medical history, but the ACLU is challenging this provision in the law.
“Act 1018 made a small change to a law passed two years ago. It simply requires doctors to file a report with the State Crime Lab after performing an abortion on a girl under seventeen. It’s designed to catch perpetrators of human trafficking and incest. Act 603 requires aborted fetal remains to be buried or cremated like miscarried fetal remains. It’s tragic the ACLU and others would have so little regard for the health and safety of women as to challenge these good laws.”
Cox said Planned Parenthood is challenging a law regarding licensure and inspection of abortion clinics. “This law simply ensures abortion clinics are properly licensed, inspected, and regulated. Courts have ruled repeatedly that abortion clinics can be regulated under public health and safety laws. That’s what this legislation does.”
Cox noted the ACLU is also challenging Act 45 that prohibits some abortion procedures in which an unborn baby is physically dismembered, saying, “Over the years, abortion procedures have changed. Some of the procedures that were fairly common years ago would be illegal and unthinkable today. Act 45 of 2017 is simply another chapter in that story. It generally prohibits one particular abortion procedure in which the unborn baby is physically dismembered, but does not affect other much more common abortion procedures.”
Cox said he expects a pro-life victory from these lawsuits. “I believe these laws can withstand a legal challenge. However, anytime someone challenges a pro-life law, there’s always a pro-life victory in the ruling. When the Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals struck part of Arkansas’ fetal heartbeat law a few years ago, some of the findings in the ruling actually made it easier for us to pass more pro-life legislation in 2015. I believe these lawsuits will simply pave the way for even better pro-life laws in the future—no matter how the courts rule.”
One problem we have highlighted in the past is the number of abortions Arkansas “exports” to women in other states.
Each year hundreds of women travel to Arkansas for abortions. Many of these women come from neighboring states like Mississippi, Tennessee, Texas, and Missouri.
A recent report from the Arkansas Department of Health shows that may be changing: The number of women coming to Arkansas for abortions has dropped significantly in the past two years.
In 2014, 925 women from out-of-state had abortions in Arkansas; in 2016 that number fell to 534.
The report also shows the number of abortions being performed on Arkansans has fallen to record lows. There were over 2,000 fewer abortions performed on women from Arkansas last year than there were 15 years before.
While it’s often difficult to say for sure what is behind these changes, one reason for the decline could be new pro-life laws passed in recent years–such as the improved informed-consent law the Arkansas Legislature passed in 2015.
The bottom line is this: Fewer unborn children are being killed and fewer women are being harmed by abortion. That’s a very good thing.
Below is a breakdown of the abortion numbers from 2000-2016.
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